According to the Declaration
of the rights of man and of the citizen issued by Convention
of 1793, article III: "All the men are equal by nature
and in front of the law". In front of the law, perhaps,
but not by nature. They have thought of the people reached
of a handicap? According to the dictionary, a handicap
is what disadvantages, puts in position inferiority .....
Everyone knows it. But what happenhappen does a for the
access to data processing and particularly to Internet?
Which are the processes placed at their disposal to reach
the motorways of information?
Already for the users of
Windows, Windows places at their disposal a personalization
of the system. Here what says exactly the contextual assistance:
of the operating systems Windows.
You can personalize the operating systems Windows in various
manners to improve the accessibility of your computer.
The functionalities of accessibility were integrated into
the operating systems Windows since the version Windows
95. They are intended to the users who have difficulties
in use the keyboard or the mouse, with the people who
have problems of sight, with the deaf persons and the
deaf people. These functionalities can be configured during
the installation, or you can add them later on starting
from the discs of installation of Windows. For more information
on their installation and their use, carry out a research
on the key word "accessibility" in the index
of the assistance. You can also use the functionality
or Control panel other integrated to modify the appearance
and the behavior of the operating systems Windows according
to certain visual or driving requirements, in particular
the colors and dimensions, audio volume and the use of
the mouse or the keyboard.
In Windows Millennium Edition, the majority of the functionalities
of accessibility can be defined using the Assistant Accessibility
or of the Control panel. In the Assistant Accessibility,
these functionalities are organized according to their
nature, in order to facilitate the personalization of
Windows according to needs' for each user. The Assistant
Accessibility also allows you to record your parameters
in a file which you will be able to use on another computer.
The various provisions of Dvorak keyboard facilitate the
striking of the most usual characters when standard provision
AZERTY is not appropriate to you. There are three provisions
of keyboard: strike with the two hands, only strikes with
the left hand and only strikes with the right hand. No
additional particular material is necessary to use these
The availability and the level of integration of these
functionalities vary according to the operating system
To obtain a complete documentation on the functionalities
of accessibility available in your operating system, reach
the Web site of Microsoft.
These functionalities are also described in the Kit of
technical resources Microsoft Windows 95, the Kit of technical
resources Microsoft Windows 98 and the Kit of technical
resources Microsoft Windows NT.
the blind men or mals indicators :
In addition to the personalization of Windows, you have
at your disposal of the software allowing much optimization:
The touch screen developed by the NIST provided with 3600
barbs allowing to reproduce contours of the images.
The Voice synthesis:
- Windows-Eyes: it is most advanced and most stable of
the readers of screen of the market. Compatible with Windows
9x, Me, 2000, and XP, it gives access to you the greatest
number of screens and gives you a total control on what
you hear and how you hear it. Thanks to its support Braille,
this control extends so that you feel under your fingers
and how you feel it.
- Speakey: an integrated software whose orders are entirely
wired for sound using one or several voice syntheses,
French or foreign. It gathers a multitude of functions
in varied fields of l’ data processing (text processing,
notebook d’ addresses, bases data, file management,
reading of typed documents with l’ help d’
a scanner, MP3, etc). Thanks to l’ unit of l’
environment, Speakey allows d’ to increase comfort
d’ use and the productivity of l’ user.
- MailVox: a software which makes it possible to make
pronounce with high voice by your computer a French text
and to safeguard the result in the shape of a file WAV
that MailVox can convert into file MP3. MailVox enables
you to send these files WAV and MP3 (compacted or not
with format ZIP) to your correspondents on Internet.
For the keyboards in Braille or other adapted peripherals
visit the site of Hacavie.
- loupex v2.2:
Grossissor of screen.
- zoomer v2.0: Grossissor of screen.
- Lens: Grossissor of screen (1 to 40 times)
- Lynx v2.7 for DOS: Textual navigator.
- Lynx v2.8 for Windows 95 and Windows NT: Textual navigator.
- Pine: Pine is a software which includes/understands
one to net complete all in text mode and accessible with
a terminal Braille, usable in distant access on your letter-box
with protocol IMAP. Take care to select the options of
accessibility which are: show_cursor, sayable keymenu,
individual-column-folder-list in SETUP-CONFIG.
To have other information,
I invite you to go to visit: Typhlophile.
the defective engines:
To facilitate the defective engines to be reached the
Net, the assistances are carried out with the case-by-case.
handicap-icom.asso will help you to find various solutions:
Let us note the Visiboard system of the French company
Metrovision which allows the driving handicapped people
to control the PC with the eye.
the deaf people.
The deaf people can communicate on the telephone via the
computer and of the software Laura Lou developed by French
For the originators of sites:
Think of creating structured sites, without ornaments.
If you put images or bonds and mitres starting from buttons
images, do not forget type text in the zone of Sec seizure
to allow the navigators with voice synthesis of reading
the alternate text. Do not put at a 825.jpg image like
name but a true title. Establish well announced links...
Contents of the site s’ in will find all the more
accessible to all the users.
Good links :
pour les logiciels de mal voyants
pour tous, super..